Tradesmen as well as craftsmen followed the military to the Limes and established civilian settlements, the so-called vici. As the soldiers in the forts only received very basic rations and services, there was a constant need for a variety of goods and foods. Long dwellings, or "strip-houses" with shops, taverns, and workshops were built along the streets. Nearby, there were public buildings, for example temples, baths, and inns. Cemeteries were established at the outskirts of the villages, along the through roads.
The Ruffenhofen vicus has not yet been researched in detail and we do not have precise dates about the settlement's history. Our knowledge about the vicus comes primarily from aerial archaeology and geophysical prospection. In the Roman Park, the presence of a temple and a large building have been marked by plants. A large storage building is visualized with sand and slices of tree trunks. At the cemetery in the east, there is a large information board illustrating the routine in a cemetery.